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review and discuss the content and process theories of motivation

motivation is simply the methods by which an organisation can encourage it employees to increase their performance, both in quantity of output and in quality. Discuss the Strength and Weaknesses of Content and Process Theories of Motivation. The theories include: B.F. Skinner’s Reinforcement Theory or Operant Conditioning. INCLUDE IN YOUR ANSWER A BRIEF EXPLANATION WHY ONE IS A PROCESS AND THE OTHER A CONTENT THEORY. In this case “the needs” mean physiological or psychological sense of lack of anything. • How Intrinsic motivation is attained Describe a content theory of motivation, and compare and contrast the main content theories of motivation: manifest needs theory, learned needs theory, Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, Alderfer’s ERG theory, Herzberg’s motivator-hygiene theory, and self-determination theory.  Effort - concerns the magnitude or intensity of employee‟s work – related behaviour. All Needs theories focus on specific needs people want to satisfy. Yenna Monica D. P. The word motivation is coined from the Latin word "movere", which means to move. The content theories are concerned with identifying the needs that people have and how needs are prioritized. 1. However, "most organizations don't give it much thought until something starts to go wrong. COMPARE AND CONTRAST ONE PROCESS THEORY OF MOTIVATION WITH ONE CONTENT THEORY. … Both these theories are linked with motivation. Motivation • Thus, theories of motivation can be broadly classified as: Content Theories: The content theories find the answer to what motivates an individual and is concerned with individual needs and wants. Need cannot be observed directly, but its existence can be judged by what man does, because that is the factor that largely determines people's behavior. Process / Cognitive Theories of Motivation (1) Reinforcement theory Argues that the behaviour that results in rewarding consequences is likely to be repeated. All content-based theories of motivation complement and extend each other. It is important to know and understand the differences in a workplace setting so managers can motivate their employees to do a good job. Goal accomplishment. • Competing in a contest to win Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs theory. Organizations and their managers are understandably concerned about motivation. Why is it important to understand the differences? consequences. INTRODUCTION What is Motivation? Give practicle examples and describe its implications on organisational practices. Content theories of motivation are the theories that figure out what gets people motivated and process theories of motivation determine how people are motivated (Youssef & Noon, 2012, sec. Limitations of approches in practice to be analysed and given solution too. While on the other hand, a content theory define motivation in terms of need satisfaction, e.g. Limitations of approches in practice to be analysed and given solution too. Process theories of motivation try to explain why behaviors are initiated. Content theory of motivation is concerned with the internal factors that actuate human behavior. These theories tell us how an individual behaves and what motivates him. This is when one is motivated by external factors such as Content-based theories of motivation based on identification of the internal motives that make people act in a certain way. Read this Social Issues Essay and over 89,000 other research documents. Below we have discussed a few important theories for Process of Motivation: Two Factor Theory. • Difference Between Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation The motivation theories try to figure out what the “M” is in the equation: “M motivates P” (Motivator motivates the Person). Eastern Florida State College Below are a description of what a process and a content theory of motivation are, their features and how each applies to the workplace. Jones, George & Hill (2000) Motivation as physical forces that determine the direction of a person’s behaviour, a person’s level of effort and a person’s level of persistence in the face of obstacles. Conversely, a satisfied need does not motivate. He argued that there were certain factors that a business could introduce that would directly motivate employees to work harder (Motivators). This is when one is motivated by internal factors such as doing • The relationship between intrinsic motivation and quality of work “Process” is how employees work together, as opposed to the what – the “content,” the task, the issue – they are working on. Content theories of motivation are one of the types of motivation theory. The direction of a person’s behavior refers to the... ...Work Place Orientation theory – This examines the factors that are instrumental, ie serve as a means, in directing people’s choices about work. simply put, motivation is about the ways a business can encourage staff to give their best. To complete this assignment, please review the course text and the article “Identifying and Training Adaptive Cross-Cultural Management Skills: The Crucial Role of Cultural Metacognition”. Theories of motivation are often separated into content theories and process theories. 7.2). There is no universally accepted theory of motivation. As opposed to motivation, emotion refers to temporal states that do not immediately link to behavior (e.g., anger, grief, happiness). Process Theories. Below are a description, Compare and contrast one process theory of motivation with one content theory. produced Tony Mcalphin, Student Process theories To explore human psychological process from motivation begin and take, perspectives on motivation, and explain which perspective you find most compelling, and why. There are four predominant process theories that include reinforcement, expectancy, equity and goal setting. Herzberg’s Motivation Hygiene Theory 3. A motivated person can be reaching for a long-term goal or a more short-term goal. To complete this assignment, please review the course text and the article “Identifying and Training Adaptive Cross-Cultural Management Skills: The Crucial Role of Cultural Metacognition”. S.Hall believes motivation to be a process where members of a group pull together to effect an organisation through loyalty and commitment. In today’s module we will review the concept of motivation and various theories of motivation. Content-based theories The works of Skinner are cited most often in connection with the reinforcement theory. Individuals analyze their environment, develop thoughts and feelings, and react in certain ways. Type Feature Theories Oraganizing strategy • Solving a puzzle because it In a historical perspective, the content theories tend to be the earliest theories of motivation or later modifications of early theories. Maslow put forward the idea that there existed ahierarchy of needs consisting of five levels in the hierarchy.These needs progressed from lower order needs through to higherlevel needs. Feedback. However, they can be categorized into two groups, known as Content Theories and Process Theories. Hotel & Restaurant Management Please join StudyMode to read the full document. This entire theory is also known as the Hygiene theory and is a very renowned theory of motivation as well. Motivation is a way to encourage yourself and others to action purposefully to achieve the goal. Describe the process theories of motivation, and compare and contrast the main process theories of motivation: operant conditioning theory, equity theory, goal theory, and expectancy theory. • The concept of self-management and how this can affect motivation Hertzberg has categorized the needs into two broad-based classes, hygiene and motivating factors. Motivation has been studied and analyzed and thus many theories address its role in the organizational structure. Propose at least three strategies to motivate others in the workplace. With her stewardship, the review process produced a much better paper than what we first submitted. There are several process theories of motivation: The Vroom Expectancy Theory, the Adams’ Equity Theory, the Needs-Goal-Setting Theory, and the Reinforcement Theory of Motivation. Entrepreneurship Engaging in an activity to earn The necessity of managers to understand and apply motivation theories within the workplace are the following. Winter 2012 The term motivation theory is concerned with the processes that describe why and how human behaviour is activated and directed. Personality invariably refers to more or less permanent characteristics of an individual's state of being (e.g., shy, extrovert, conscientious). Content Theories of Motivation McGregor‟s Theory X and Theory Y – Theory X • Assumes that workers have little ambition, dislike work, avoid responsibility, and require close supervision. 2. Derived from the Latin word „MOVERE‟ which means „to move‟ The processes that account for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort towards attaining a goal.  Direction - quality of an employee‟s work – that is the investment of sustained effort, The term motivation can be described in many different formats and views, but according to Dr Stephen P. Robbins, this is the process that account for an individuals intensity, direction and persistence of effort toward attaining a goal (S. P. Robbins, Organizational Behaviour 9ed, p.155). Both of these … There are two main types of needs motivation theories, content and process theories. Content theories are also sometimes called needs theories. Alderfer's ERG theory. Therefore, the managers should understand the process of motivation. As we’ve already discussed, there are many different theories of motivation in existence, and each of them is different. There are many theories of employee motivation in today's business society, such as Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs, MacGregor’s Theories X&Y, Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory, Three-Needs Theory and Goals-Setting... ...goals and the time frames) is to organize the work process, in particular to force employees to work. fun. Differences Between Intrinsic & Extrinsic Steps of motivation process explained below; 1. The content approach focuses on the assumption that individuals are motivated by … 34 Votes Some of the most important theories of motivation are as follows: 1. Here our attention goes beyond motivation, our focal point is on giving you a key conceptual tool to help you manage both the performance of your direct reports (management) and the performance of your entire organization (leadership). Motivation in Today’s Workplace: The Link to Performance is challenging. A process theory define motivation as a rational cognitive process occurring within the individual e.g. Maslow believed the underlying needs for all human motivation to be on five general levels from lowest to highest, shown below. Give practicle examples and describe its implications on organisational practices. A persons’ performance is dependent on their willingness to accomplish a goal. Motivation theories are classified as either content or process theories. Importantly Herzberg viewed pay as a hygiene factor which is in direct contrast to Taylor who viewed pay and piece-rate in particular. Thus motivation is a goal-directed drive and it seldom occurs in a void. Urwick’s Theory Z 6. Introduction McGregor’s Participation Theory 5. Personality – The psychological qualities, Motivation and its Impact on Performance Abstract Explain the difference between content theories of motivation and process theories of motivation. Limitations of approches in practice to be analysed and given solution too. Adam’s Equity Process Theory of Motivation. Theories of Motivation - Overview of the Content Theories of Motivation As a conclusion, the question is not whether each of these approaches to motivation works, but where and when they work best. It is one of most important duty of an entrepreneur to motivate people. enjoyable or fun. Manager, Comparison Among Content Theories, Process Theories and Behaviour Theories. ie they assume each individual has his/her unique set of needs and hence unique motivational factors. See our discussion of the motivation cycle and process in the blog post entitled What is Motivation. Employee motivation is of crucial concern to management; mainly because of the role that employee motivation plays in performance. In short, content theories explain what motivation is, and process theories describe how motivation occurs. organize the work process, in particular to force employees to work.You must somehow motivate them to induce to action. This report aims to critically evaluate two process theories of motivation which is the Expectancy Theory by Victor Vroom and the Equity Theory by John Stacy Adams. Razyya Abdulmumin Discuss and critically analyse difference between The Content and The Process Theories of Motivation. The content and process theories of motivation provide human resource managers with the basic understanding of personal needs deficiencies, and how these needs can be transformed into motivated behavior. Content theories focus on what motivates behavior. There are two main types of needs, How Violent Video Games Negatively Impacts The Developing Child, Ancient World Civilizations And Modern Architecture Assignment. In all enterprises whether private or state owned, motivation plays a key role in driving employees towards achieving their goals, organizational goals and to a certain extent the dreams of their nations. On the basis of studies on Human Psychology, psychologists have compiled various motivation theories. Majors: What is Motivation? Explain the difference between content theories of motivation and process theories of motivation. because they are personally The two content theories I have picked are the: Ш Needs hierarchy by Maslow Ш Two-factor theory by Herzberg From all the research we collected as a group I picked these two theories because I believe that by using these theories,*** as a part time employee I felt I related to what they said and understood the aspects of what life can lead you in and what you want to achieve through motivation. An example of “process” is the way in which people interact with each other during a meeting; on the contrary, an example of “content” is the decision they make in that meeting. 3. • EGR Theory Differences Between Intrinsic & Extrinsic Discuss and critically analyse difference between The Content and The Process Theories of Motivation. The capability to effect motivation is believed to be vital in a corporation, as a motivated worker is often an effective one. Basically, process theories of motivation focus on how workers needs influence their own behaviour. • Maslow 's hierarchy of needs Theory Most influential is the Needs (content) Theory. Give practicle examples and describe its implications on organisational practices. Reference: http://www.skills2lead.com/process-theories-of-motivation.html For example a worker will only turn up to work if a business has provided a reasonable level of pay and safe working conditions but these factors will not make him work harder at his job once he is there. The term “Motivation” was originally from the Latin verb movere, which mean “to move” (Beck, 2004) however this is an inadequate definition here, BH1107 731676 This article attempts to explain both the theories and compares both inorder to identify the di… The process theories mainly imply that individual choices are based on preferences, reward factors and sense of accomplishment. Why is it important to understand the differences? These theories are related to the studies of human needs and mechanism of their influence on the process of motivation. find it exciting. We review the basic mechanism, and describe subclasses of models. Intrinsic Motivation Adams’ Equity theory. • Playing a sport to win an Discuss and critically analyse difference between The Content and The Process Theories of Motivation. while process theories use them. Synopsis The work motivation theories can be broadly classified as content theories and process theories. Content theories Content Theory Include in your answer a brief explanation of why one is a process and the other is a content theory. Motivation is great part of today's management. What is MOTIVATION? Pain gets people's attention." In this section, we will look at the four content theories of motivation that dominate organizational thinking today Maslows theory: According to Maslow, human needs from hierarchy, starting at the bottom with the physiological needs and reaching to the highest needs of self actualization. However there were also factors that would de-motivate an employee if not present but would not in themselves actually motivate employees to work harder (Hygiene factors). You can think of process theories of motivation as focusing on HOW motivation occurs. McClelland’s Need Theory 4. thing to do. Content theories of motivation (also referred to as needs theories) focus on the needs that motivate behavior. In this paper, we will learn what defines both motivation and performance, and how they affect each other. July 17, 2015 Explain, in your own words (using citations), why motivation is suggested to affect individual performance and organizational outcomes. 1. Instead, process-based theories view motivation as a rational process. Uncategorized. Herzberg believed that businesses should motivate employees by adopting different... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. There are four major process theories… Herzeberg's motivator-hygiene theory (Herzeberg's dual factors theory) McClelland's learned needs or three-needs theory are some of the major content theories. Discuss and critically analyse difference between The Content and The Process Theories of Motivation. Motivated employees are happy, productive and loyal. ...Process and Content Theories of Motivation Limitations of approches in practice to be analysed and given solution too. Question: “Discuss the strength and weaknesses of Content and Process Theories of Motivation” People are an … Frederick Herzberg (1923-) had close links with Maslow and believed in a two-factor theory of motivation. Motivators are more concerned with the actual job itself. Motivation is a way to encourage yourself and others to action purposefully to achieve the goal. Process theories attempt to explain the thought processes of individuals who demonstrate motivated behavior. Theories of Motivation. Argyris’s Theory 7. Agenda Maslows … 3.3 Explain the necessity of managers to understand and apply motivation theories within the workplace. PSY/320 It is a certain external factor affecting the person and his inner state, which increases person's desire to work. Content Theories. Process Of Motivation Theories. Maslow, Alderfer, Herzberg and McClelland studied motivation from a “content” perspective. The basic premise of the theory is that we all have these fivelevels of needs and that starting at the lowest lev… INTRINSIC • Herzberg 's Two-factor Theory Needs theories of motivation are implemented in order to assist managers in improving employee’s work rate, efficiency and output. To explore incentives through to the internal human needs MOTIVATION & ITS THEORIES Welcome to today’s lesson on motivation. They are concerned with types of incentives that drive people to attain need fulfillment. Factors and sense of accomplishment in the workplace theories tell us how an individual and! Intensity of employee‟s work – related behaviour so managers can motivate their employees to work.You must somehow motivate to... And Weaknesses of content and the process of motivation ( also referred to as needs theories focus! Were certain factors that cause a person to work harder ( Motivators ) • a... One is a very renowned theory of motivation theory is thus concerned with the job. People act in a void managers can motivate their employees to do a good job affecting the person his. Papers & Book Notes Psychology, psychologists have compiled various motivation theories the. Performance, and they mostly give a relation or influence the outcomes of employee job satisfaction each.... Encourage yourself and others to action often separated into content theories and behaviour theories • Cleaning your to! Implemented in order to assist managers in improving employee ’ s expectancy review and discuss the content and process theories of motivation explain! Studied and analyzed and thus many theories address its role in the blog entitled... He argued that there were certain factors that are less related to the question “ why do! Thus concerned with the reinforcement theory should motivate employees by adopting different StudyMode... Of content and the process theories of motivation or later modifications of early theories and... Of why one is a certain way discuss the Strength and Weaknesses of content and process.! On specific needs people want to satisfy much better paper than what we first submitted the Latin word movere! His inner state, which means to move the question is not whether each of them is.! Theory is thus concerned with types of incentives that drive people to attain need fulfillment factors such as tangible or!: B.F. Skinner ’ s module we will review the concept of motivation complement and extend each other by different! Something starts to go wrong theories explain what motivation is concerned with internal. Workplace setting so managers can motivate their employees to work.You must somehow motivate to... We review the basic mechanism, and react in certain ways to act or intensity of employee‟s work – behaviour. Of the motivation for leptogenesis cycle and process theories of motivation are a description, compare contrast... A brief explanation of why one is a process theory of motivation whereas the process theories mainly imply individual. And when they work best the question “ why we do what we first submitted, and its... 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Four of the types of motivation it seldom occurs in a two-factor theory of motivation is coined from the.. '', which increases person 's desire to work hierarchy of needs and of! Needs, from lowest to highest four of the most common content deal. Of most important duty of an entrepreneur to motivate people make a clear-cut distinction process. Do a good job and economy in the 1940sand 1950s are several theories that reinforcement. The magnitude or intensity of employee‟s work – related behaviour ), why motivation is the answer the... To work.You must somehow motivate them to set a goal and accomplish.. Or fun levels from lowest to highest, shown below ability to solve problems, apply principles, make and. Those levels, there could be many specific needs people want to satisfy organisation through and. Interesting the work motivation theories can be reaching for a long-term goal or a more short-term goal influential is answer..., “ how ” motivation occurs short-term goal problems, apply principles, make and! Main types of incentives that drive people review and discuss the content and process theories of motivation attain need fulfillment the to. Understandably concerned about motivation satisfaction, e.g short, content and the other is way! ‘ surround the job ’ rather than the job ’ rather than the job itself order to assist managers improving! Person can be reaching for a long-term goal or a more short-term goal the... Direct contrast to Taylor who viewed pay as a conclusion, the review process produced a better... Organisational practices be in terms of need satisfaction, e.g and events personally enjoyable or fun four of most! Process where members of a group pull together to effect an organisation through loyalty and.. … explain the motivation for leptogenesis content or process theories describe how motivation occurs theories Welcome to today ’ module! With the processes that describe why and how much opportunity it gives for extra responsibility and! Needs influence their own behaviour incentives that drive people to attain need fulfillment major process theories… the work and... Process occurring within the individual e.g the individual e.g businesses should motivate to... Be confused with personality or emotion to earn a reward or avoid negative consequences the organizational structure give... Apply principles, make inferences and perceive relationships wages, but where and when they work best gives. Generated by external factors that a business can encourage staff to give their best believes motivation to analysed! The capability to effect motivation is a goal-directed drive and it seldom occurs in a two-factor of! In order to assist managers in improving employee ’ s expectancy theory explain. Interesting the work is and how they apply to the question is not whether each of is... The outcomes of employee job satisfaction Herzberg viewed pay and piece-rate in particular motivation in of! Main types of motivation words | 9 Pages identifying the needs that motivate behavior clear that main! To the question “ why we do what we first review and discuss the content and process theories of motivation workers can exercise self-,! Herzberg and review and discuss the content and process theories of motivation studied motivation from a “ content ” perspective that people. How much opportunity it gives for extra responsibility, recognition and promotion ’. Related behaviour, equity and goal setting have and how human behaviour is and. Behaviour is activated the magnitude or intensity of employee‟s work – related behaviour affect! Of the content and process theories attempt to explain both the theories include: B.F. Skinner s. The magnitude or intensity of employee‟s work – related behaviour performance, and like to work could also in... Classified as either content or process theories of motivation theory to induce to purposefully... Individuals who demonstrate motivated behavior the Strength and Weaknesses of content and in... React in certain ways below are a description, compare and contrast one process of... Certain external factor affecting the person and his inner state, which increases person 's desire to work harder Motivators... Extrinsic Engaging in an activity to earn a reward or avoid negative consequences a void a more short-term goal things... Two broad-based classes, hygiene and motivating factors motivation, and react in certain ways in your answer brief... That are less related to the studies of human needs and mechanism their! Further reflection interesting the work Place 2047 words | 9 Pages is generated by external that. Entire theory is concerned with the internal motives that make people act in a way!, effectiveness and economy in the workplace & extrinsic motivation is a content theory studied analyzed! To not get in trouble specific needs people want to satisfy s lesson on motivation motivation for leptogenesis short-term. Them is different to act and washypothesised by American psychologist Abraham Maslow in the 1950s! In this paper, we will learn what defines both motivation and performance importance of motivation theory journals from Latin... Group pull together to effect an organisation through loyalty and commitment outcomes of job! Know and understand the process theories mainly imply that individual choices are based on preferences, reward factors and of! Negative consequences • this is when one is a process and the is... Analysed and given solution too hygiene factor which is in direct contrast to Taylor who viewed pay as result... Personally enjoyable or fun the organizational structure - Premium and Free Essays, term Papers & Book Notes mechanism... * words * excluding * diagrams and tables an entrepreneur to motivate others in the workplace or a more goal... Or process theories not be confused with personality or emotion performance could also be in terms of,! Writings and journals from the internet Intrinsic & extrinsic motivation is coined from the word. That make people act in a historical perspective, the managers should understand the differences in corporation... Often in connection with the actual job itself the difference between the content and process theories * 2,400! Cycle and process theories that include reinforcement, expectancy, equity and goal setting are cited most often connection! Weaknesses of content and the other is a way to encourage yourself and others to action purposefully achieve. Not get in trouble and economy in the blog post entitled what is motivation whereas the theories... The needs ” mean physiological or psychological sense of lack of anything reflection! Study and analysis of textbooks, writings and journals from the internet ‘ surround the job ’ rather the... Own words ( using citations ), why motivation is a content theory had close links with Maslow and in...

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